クロピドグレルにPPIを追加で胃・十二指腸出血による入院リスク減少


 クロピドグレル服用患者に、PPIを追加すると循環器疾患のリスクは変化せずに、胃・十二指腸出血による入院リスクを50%減少させたコホート研究。

Outcomes with concurrent use of clopidogrel and proton-pump inhibitors: a cohort study.

Ann Intern Med. 2010 Mar 16;152(6):337-45.

 プロトンポンプ阻害剤Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) と、クロピドグレルclopidogrelは、頻繁に併用されているが、その有効性と安全性は不明だった。

 レトロスペクティブなコホート研究で、1999年から2005年までに、胃・十二指腸出血と重篤な循環器疾患で入院をするリスクを第一のアウトカムで評価。

 パントプラゾールpantoprazoleが62%、オメプラゾールomeprazoleが9%併用されており、PPIの非服用者と比べて (hazard ratio, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.39 to 0.65])減少し、絶対危険度減少は、年間1,000人あたり28.5 (CI, 11.7 to 36.9) 人であった。PPIを服用している患者の重篤な循環器疾患を起こすリスクは、0.99 (CI, 0.82 to 1.19) であった。

 ふむ。

Background: Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel are frequently coprescribed, although the benefits and harms of their concurrent use are unclear.

Objective: To examine the association between concurrent use of PPIs and clopidogrel and the risks for hospitalizations for gastroduodenal bleeding and serious cardiovascular disease.

Design: Retrospective cohort study using automated data to identify patients who received clopidogrel between 1999 through 2005 after hospitalization for coronary heart disease.

Setting: Tennessee Medicaid program.

Patients: 20 596 patients (including 7593 concurrent users of clopidogrel and PPIs) hospitalized for myocardial infarction, coronary artery revascularization, or unstable angina pectoris.

Measurements: Baseline and follow-up drug use was assessed from automated records of dispensed prescriptions. Primary outcomes were hospitalizations for gastroduodenal bleeding and serious cardiovascular disease (fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death, stroke, or other cardiovascular death).

Results: Pantoprazole and omeprazole accounted for 62% and 9% of concurrent PPI use, respectively. Adjusted incidence of hospitalization for gastroduodenal bleeding in concurrent PPI users was 50% lower than that in nonusers (hazard ratio, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.39 to 0.65]). For patients at highest risk for bleeding, PPI use was associated with an absolute reduction of 28.5 (CI, 11.7 to 36.9) hospitalizations for gastroduodenal bleeding per 1000 person-years. The hazard ratio associated with concurrent PPI use for risk for serious cardiovascular disease was 0.99 (CI, 0.82 to 1.19) for the entire cohort and 1.01 (CI, 0.76 to 1.34) for the subgroup of patients who had percutaneous coronary interventions with stenting during the qualifying hospitalization.

Limitations: Unmeasured confounding and misclassification of exposure (no information on adherence or over-the-counter use of drugs) and end points (not confirmed by medical record review) were possible. Because many patients entered the cohort from hospitals with relatively few cohort members, the analysis relied on the assumption that after adjustment for observed covariates, PPI users from one such hospital could be compared with nonusers from a different hospital.

Conclusion: In patients with serious coronary heart disease treated with clopidogrel, concurrent PPI use was associated with reduced incidence of hospitalizations for gastroduodenal bleeding. The corresponding point estimate for serious cardiovascular disease was not increased; however, the 95% CI included a clinically important increased risk.

Primary Funding Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

これから)木曜日ランニング、evernoteのプレミアム会員登録、年度末処理のつづき、impact factorのQA報告、塩酸モルヒネからフェンタニルに変更時に下剤をなぜ減量するのか?のQA報告、実務実習の管理起案、管理会議、もういいだろ。

(Visited 29 times, 1 visits today)