医学雑誌編集者国際委員会が推奨する生物医学学術誌への投稿のための統一規定

The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals Recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors*

(CHEST 2006; 129:1098-1099)

 かなり厳格な内容だが、ここを避けて通るわけにはいかない。国際的なジャーナルに投稿することは、まだ当面ないだろうけれど、ラーニングジャーナルなので、学びとしてメモしておく。

 大学時代から、私は医薬品の成分名を必ずアルファベットでメモをしてきた。カタカナでもよいのだけれど、本物はアルファベットだから。たしかこれは、大学病院の試験を受けたときには役に立ったし、後にグッドマンギルマンやメイラーを検索するときに、そして今では文献検索するときに、私を助けてくれる。

 さて、投稿規定。エッセンスのみ書き出します。

The Uniform Requirements (UR) have become the most important and widely accepted (by > 500 biomedical journals) guide to writing, publishing, and editing in international biomedical publications. UR are a compact, convenient, and essential tool for any would-be author in the field of medicine. This does not detract in any way from the importance of several mainstream reference works on medical writing, which are generally geared to providing information on specific points for authors or editors.

→ 統一規定(UR)は、国際的な生物医学刊行物の執筆、出版、編集で、最も重要かつ(500誌以上の生物医学学術誌に)広く受け入れられている指針

In 1978, the initial goal of the first meeting, in Vancouver, of the group that produced the UR was the establishment of guidelines for the development of formats for manuscripts for journal submission. The Vancouver group later evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and issued a number of editorial policy statements concerning publication-related ethical principles. The various ethical issue-related statements and the guidelines for manuscript submission were incorporated into a single text in the 2003 version of the UR, which are also named the Vancouver Style, after the city of their conception.

→1978年、統一規定を策定したブループ初のミーティング@バンクーバー、後にInternational Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) を結成し、2003年版統一規定にまとめらる。バンクーバースタイルと名づけられる。

Main Points to Consider

→ 考慮すべき主要な点。ここから各論

Format

The format encouraged for original research articles is Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. However, this format does not include several other important and integral parts of the article, including the Title Page, Abstract, Acknowledgments, and artwork (Figures and Tables, and their legends) and References.

→フォーマットは、序文、方法、結果、考察。そして、タイトルページ、抄録、承認、図表や参考論文も重要である。

Individual Sections

Title Page: The title page includes a concise, relevant title; authors’ full names, institutional affiliations, and highest degrees (final format up to journal); departments and institutions deserving recognition; disclaimers; corresponding authors; information concerning reprints; sources of support; running head; word counts (for main text only and for the abstract); and the number of Figures and Tables.

Abstract and Key Words: In this section, are the background for the study; purposes; procedures; main findings; and conclusions. Please remember the obvious fact that data in the abstract must be exactly the same as in the main text. For key words, which are used for cross-indexing, use terms from the medical subject headings list of Index Medicus. The May 2006 issue of CHEST will be publishing an article on abstract composition.

Introduction: The introduction is a brief, logical lead-in to the subject, hypothesis, and objectives.

Methods: In this section, we only include information available at the time of establishment of the study plan or protocol. Information obtained during the study should be placed in the Results section. Be sure to describe participants in detail, clearly indicating why and how the study was done. All technical information should be given in sufficient detail to allow third-party reproduction. For statistical analysis, it is important to allow referees and readers to check on the validity of instruments and outcomes; therefore, in addition to statistical outcomes, quantified data are also important.

Results: By making a logical combination of text, Tables, and Figures, present data understandably without repetition. Use appendices, especially in electronic formats, for substantial extra or supplementary material that, while important, may interrupt the flow of the message of the main text.

Discussion: State what is new and important in the study; in other words, the reason why the journal should publish your article. State limitations of the study and examine the implications of its results. Unless the article concentrates on medicoeconomic aspects, it is probably better to avoid general comments on cost-effectiveness.

References: The UR style is based largely on the ANSI style of the National Library of Medicine and recommends citation in the order of appearance in the text, with abbreviation of titles according to the style in Index Medicus. A later edition of CHEST will carry a fuller description of how to select, use, and cite references.

→各セクション

・抄録のデータは、本文中と全く同じもので。

・キーワードは、Index MedicusのMedical Subject Headings(MeSH, 医学件名標目)リストに収載されているものを使う

・考察は、発見と重要事項、研究の限界について書く。結果が意味することを検証する。

・論文が医療経済学に焦点を置いたものでない限り、対効果費用に関する一般的な意見は避けた方が無難。

・参考文献は、National Library of MedicineのANSIスタイルに基づく

Explication

The unstated philosophy running through the UR is “the maximum amount of understandable information and viable scientific contribution in the minimum space.” A good way of alienating reviewers is to be verbose or repetitive or, worst of all, both. When looking at each of the sections described in the UR, one can see a recipe for economy of writing, yet overall ease of understanding, if done properly.

→解説。

 統一規定全体の理念=「理解しやすい最大量の情報と実行可能な科学的貢献を、最低限のスペースで」

Take-Home Lesson

The UR constitute the input of some of the best medical editors in the world for more than a quarter century. When the ICMJE first met, word processors were unheard of and the burden of rewriting manuscripts by manual or electric typewriters was indeed heavy. Now the flow of information to recognized academic nodes that will confer some degree of authenticity on the article is increasing exponentially, and the guidelines generated by the ICMJE are all the more important in the submission and review of biomedical manuscripts. I hope this thumbnail outline of the background and essential needs for original research articles to be submitted to biomedical journals will be of help; all authors are encouraged to check the full text of the UR at www.icmje.org/.

→統一規定には、世界で最も優秀な医学編集者の四半世紀以上にわたるアドバイスがまとめられている。すべての著者にはwww.icmje.org/にて統一規定の詳細を確認していただきたい。

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